Climate Leadership Requires a Managed Decline of Fossil Fuel Production


Global climate change is a crisis of unprecedented scale, and it will take unprecedented action to avoid the worst consequences of our dependence on oil, coal, and gas. Equally as critical as reducing demand and emissions is the need for immediate and ambitious action to stop exploration and expansion of fossil fuel projects and manage the decline of existing production in line with what is necessary to achieve the Paris climate goals.

Clean, safe, and renewable fuels are already redefining how we see energy and it is time for nations to fully embrace 21st century energy and phase out fossil fuels.

The Lofoten Declaration affirms that it is the urgent responsibility and moral obligation of wealthy fossil fuel producers to lead in putting an end to fossil fuel development and to manage the decline of existing production.

We stand in solidarity with, and offer our full support for, the growing wave of impacted communities around the world who are taking action to defend and protect their lives and livelihoods in the face of fossil fuel extraction and climate change. It is a priority to elevate these efforts. Frontline communities are the leaders we must look to as we all work together for a safer future.

A global transition to a low carbon future is already well underway. Continued expansion of oil, coal, and gas is only serving to hinder the inevitable transition while at the same time exacerbating conflicts, fuelling corruption, threatening biodiversity, clean water and air, and infringing on the rights of Indigenous Peoples and vulnerable communities.

Energy access and demand are and must now be met fully through the clean energies of the 21st century.  Assertions that new fossil fuels are needed for this transformation are not only inaccurate; they also undermine the speed and penetration of clean energy.

We recognize that a full transition away from fossil fuels will take decades, but also, that this shift is an opportunity more than a burden. We are in a deep hole with climate. We must begin by not digging ourselves any deeper.

Research shows that the carbon embedded in existing fossil fuel production will take us far beyond safe climate limits. Thus, not only are new exploration and new production incompatible with limiting global warming to well below 2ºC (and as close to 1.5ºC as possible), but many existing projects will need to be phased-out faster than their natural decline.

This task should be first addressed by countries, regions, and corporate actors who are best positioned in terms of wealth and capacity to undergo an ambitious just transition away from fossil fuel production. In particular, leadership must come from countries that are high-income, have benefitted from fossil fuel extraction, and that are historically responsible for significant emissions.

We call on these governments and companies to recognize that continued fossil fuel exploration and production without a managed decline and a just transition is irreconcilable with meaningful climate action. We also note that there are tremendous leadership opportunities for these countries to demonstrate that moving beyond oil, coal, and gas – both demand and production – is not only possible, but can be done while protecting workers, communities, and economies.




ABCD Family – United States

Abibiman Foundation – Ghana

Above Ground – Canada

abracaMUNDI – France

Academics Stand Against Poverty – United States

ACT Alliance EU – Europe

Action Paysanne Contre la Faim – Democratic Republic of the Congo

Adaptation Strategies International – United States

African Coalition For Sustainable Energy and Access – Cameroon

Afrihealth Optonet Association – Nigeria

Aid Organization – Bangladesh

Alliance Sud – Switzerland

Alofa Tuvalu – France / Tuvalu

Alternative Information and Development Centre – South Africa

Alternative Technology Association – Australia

Amazon Watch – United States

Les Amis de la Terre (Friends of the Earth France) – France

Arab Youth Climate Muster – Lebanon

Architectopia AS – Norway

As You Sow – United States

Ashden – United Kingdom

The Ashden Trust – United Kingdom

Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development – Asia-Pacific

Asian Peoples Movement on Debt and Development – Asia

Asociación Centaurea – Spain

Association Nigérienne des Scouts de l’Environnement – Niger

Association for Protection Nature and Environment of Kairouan – Tunisia

Association for Women’s Rights in Development – International

Athens County Fracking Action Network – United States

The Australia Institute – Australia

Australian Marine Conservation Society – Australia

Austrian Association of Scientists for the Environment – Forum Wissenschaft & Umwelt – Austria

Azure Circle, Inc. – Canada

BankTrack – International

The Bellona Foundation – Norway

Berks Gas Truth – United States

Bicitekas – Mexico

Biodiversity Conservation Center – Russia

Bioroot Energy, Inc. – United States

Bold Alliance – United States

Both ENDS – The Netherlands

BSF – Canada

Bund für Umwelt und Naturschutz Deutschlands (Friends of the Earth Germany) – Germany

Bund für Umwelt und Naturschutz Sachsen (Friends of the Earth Saxony) – Germany

Business Council on Climate Change – United States

Campaign for a Just Energy Future – South Africa

Canadian Interfaith Fast for the Climate – Canada

Caravan of Non-violence – Côte d’Ivoire

Cascadia Rural Fuels – United States

Catholic Earthcare Australia – Australia – United States

Centar za životnu sredinu (Friends of the Earth Bosnia & Herzegovina) – Bosnia & Herzegovina

Center for Biological Diversity – United States

Center for International Environmental Law – United States

Center for Justice, Governance, and Environmental Action – Kenya

Centre for Environmental Justice – Zambia

Centre for Environmental Rights – South Africa

Centre for Human Rights & Climate Change Research – Nigeria

Center for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Development – Kyrgyzstan

Centre for Alternative Technology – United Kingdom

Change Partnership – International

Changemaker – Norway

Chile Sustentable Foundation – Chile

Citizen Gas & Oil Advisory Lobby – United States

Citizens’ Climate Lobby Australia – Australia

Clarity Environment – Australia

Clean Air Action Group – Hungary

Cleanweb Ltd. – United Kingdom

Climate Action Darwin – Australia

Climate Action Hobart – Australia

Climate Action Moreland – Australia

Climate Action Network International – International

Climate and Health Alliance – Australia

Climate Change Coalition of Door County, Wisconsin – United States

Climate Change Network Nigeria – Nigeria

Climate Hawks Vote – United States

Climate Justice Alliance – United States

Climate Justice Programme – Australia

Climate Justice Project – United States

The Climate Mobilization, San Francisco Bay Area Chapter – United States

Climate Policy Program, Institute for Policy Studies – United States

CliMates – France

Climáximo – Portugal

Clintonville Energy Collaborative – United States

CoalSwarm – United States

Coffs Coast Climate Action Group – Australia

El Colegio de Morelos – Mexico

Coletivo Clima – Portugal

Collectif Causse Méjean – Gaz de Schiste NON! – France

Columbus Community Bill of Rights – United States

Community Action for Nature Conservation – Kenya

Confronting the Climate Crisis – United States

Conscire AB – Sweden

Conseil Régional des Organisations Non Gouvernementales de Développement – Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cool Planet – United States

Costa Rica Limpia – Costa Rica

Corporate Europe Observatory – Europe

Creative Roustabouts – United States Developpement sans Frontieres – Cameroon

Dare Music, Inc. – United States

DC Divest – United States

Debris Free Oceans – United States

DeCOALinize – Kenya

Den Haag Fossielvrij – The Netherlands

DH Environmental Consulting – South Africa

Diverse Voices and Action for Equality – Fiji

DivestInvest Individual – United States

Docs on the Spot – Australia

Downstream Knitting Nannas Against Greed & Fossil Fuels – Australia

DutchHive BVBA – Belgium

EACAD Centre – Nigeria

Earth Action, Inc. – United States

Earthlife Africa Johannesburg – South Africa

Earthsave Canada – Canada

EARTHwise Centre – Mauritius

Earthworks – United States

Easter Planet Environmental – Canada

Ecoaction – Ukraine

EcoActors – Nigeria

EcoEquity – United States

Ecological Society of the Philippines – Philippines

Ecologistas en Acción – Spain

Ecologistas en Acción Sierra Bermeja – Spain

ECOMUNIDADES, Red Ecologista de la Cuenca de México – Mexico

Econciencia – Mexico

EKOenergy – Finland

Elders Climate Action – United States

Elkton Reserve – United States

Empowered African Youths Foundation – Nigeria

ENERGIES 2050 – France

Energiewende ER(H)langen e.V. – Germany

EnviroNews Nigeria – Nigeria

Environics Trust – India

Environment Centre NT – Australia

Environmental Defence – Canada

Environmental Justice Foundation – United Kingdom

Environmental Rights Action (Friends of the Earth Nigeria) – Nigeria

European Climate Foundation – Europe

Fabricants de Futur – Spain

Faculty & Staff Divestment Network – United States

Far North Knitting Nannas Against Gas & Greed – Australia

Fastenopfer – Switzerland

Fiji Medical & Dental Secretariat – Fiji

Finance & Trade Watch – Austria

FOCSIV – Volontari nel Mondo – Italy

Food & Water Europe – Europe

Food & Water Watch – United States

Föräldravrålet – Sweden

Fossielvrij NL – The Netherlands

Fossielvrij Onderwijs – The Netherlands

Fossil Free Berlin – Germany

Fossil Free California – United States

Fossil Free South Africa – South Africa

Fossil Free Tompkins – United States

Foundation for Environment and Agriculture – Bulgaria

Frack Free Lancashire – United Kingdom

FracTracker Alliance – United States

Framtiden i våre hender – Norway

Franciscan Action Network – United States

Frederick Mulder Foundation – United Kingdom

FreshWater Accountability Project – United States

Friends For Environmental Justice – United States

Friends of the Century – Liberia

Friends of the Earth Australia – Australia

Friends of the Earth Canada – Canada

Friends of the Earth England, Wales and Northern Ireland – United Kingdom

Friends of the Earth Ghana – Ghana

Friends of the Earth Ireland – Ireland

Friends of the Earth Malaysia – Malaysia

Friends of the Earth Malta – Malta

Friends of the Earth Scotland – Scotland

Friends with Environment in Development – Uganda

Futerra – United Kingdom

Futurepump – United Kingdom

Gaz de schiste Non merci! Garrigue Vaunage – France

Generation Zero – New Zealand

George Mason University Center for Climate Change Communication – United States

Geotourism Stewardship Council – Dominica

GLOBAL 2000 (Friends of the Earth Austria) – Austria

Global Call for Climate Action – International

Global Catholic Climate Movement – International

Global Climate and Health Alliance – International

Global Climate Finance Campaign – South Africa

Global Greengrants Fund – United States

Global Witness – International

Gloucester Knitting Nannas Against Gas & Greed – Australia

Graphics 360 – United States

Green Development Advocates – Cameroon

The Green Institute – Australia

Green Pages – Yemen

Greenpeace – International

Green Planet NGO – Russia

The Green Team – United States

groundWork (Friends of the Earth South Africa) – South Africa

Groupe d’Action et de Recherche en Environnement et Développement – Togo

Guernsey County Citizens Support on Drilling Issues – United States

Hands Off Schwedeneck – Germany

Hawaii Sustainable Lifestyle Network – United States

Health and Environment Alliance – Europe

Health of Mother Earth Foundation – Nigeria

Healthy Futures – Australia

HEDA Resource Centre – Nigeria

Heinrich Böll Foundation – Germany

Honor the Earth – United States

Hunter Knitting Nannas Against Greed & Fossil Fuels – Australia

Hydrobee SPC – United States

IBON International – Philippines

Iceland Nature Conservation Association – Iceland

IDF Line – Guinea

Idle No More SF Bay – United States

Impact Human – United States

Impact Projects – Belgium

Innoventi – Norway

Institute for Climate & Sustainable Cities – Philippines

Institute of Sustainable Development – Ukraine

Instituto Internacional de Derecho y Medio Ambiente – Spain

International Institute for Sustainable Development – International

InterSpiritual Centre of Vancouver Society – Canada

INTLawyers – Switzerland

Jeunes Volontaires pour l’Environnement – Togo

Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust – United Kingdom

Junxion Strategy – Canada

Justica Ambiental – Mozambique

Justice & Witness Ministries, United Church of Christ – United States

Keeton Corporation – United States

Knitting Nannas Against Gas & Greed – Australia

Knitting Nannas Against Gas – Western Downs – Australia

KUBE Bergen – Norway

Kulima – Mozambique

Landscape Studio and Tropical Nursery CC – South Africa

Las Vegas Climate Action – United States

Les Amis de la Terre Togo (Friends of the Earth Togo) – Togo

Leave It in the Ground Initiative – Germany

The Licking County Green Party – United States

Life Support International – Australia

Linear City Concepts – United States

Lismore & Casino Environment Centres – Australia

Lofoten International Art Festival – Norway

Lund University Fossil Free – Sweden

Market Forces – Australia

The Mark Leonard Trust – United Kingdom

Martella Art & Stories – United States

Medical Society Consortium on Climate and Health – United States

Milieudefensie (Friends of the Earth Netherlands) – The Netherlands

Millennium Sunline Design – United States

Moment Norway AS – Norway

Mom Loves Taiwan Association – Taiwan

Mountain Lakes Preservation Alliance – United States

Movement Options – United States

NativesRule – Australia

Natur og Ungdom (Young Friends of the Earth Norway) – Norway

Natural Resources Alliance of Kenya – Kenya

Naturvernforbundet (Friends of the Earth Norway) – Norway

Neighborhood Tree Health – United States

Net Zero Foundation – United States

New Mexico Story Power – United States

NGO Ecoclub – Ukraine

North Country Veterans for Peace – United States

North Norwegian Art Centre – Norway

Northern Greenhouse – United Kingdom

Northern Rivers Guardians – Australia

The Norwegian Grandparents Climate Campaign – Norway

Norwegian Writer’s Climate Campaign – Norway

A Nossa Terra – Associação Ambiental Portugal – Portugal

Nuclear Age Peace Foundation – United States

NYU Divest – United States

Observatorio Petrolero Sur – Argentina

Offcut – New Zealand

Oil Change International – International

Oilwatch Ghana – Ghana

Operation Noah – United Kingdom

Oysi – Chile / United States

Pacific Conference of Churches – Fiji

Pacific Partnerships on Gender, Climate Change and Sustainable Development – Pacific Islands

Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum – Pakistan

Pamela Aminou Photography – United Kingdom

Pan African Climate Justice Alliance – Africa

Philippine Movement for Climate Justice – Philippines

Pia i Havet – Norway

Planet Passion – United States

Plataforma Algarve Livre de Petróleo – Portugal

Plataforma Salvemos Cabana – Spain

Platform London – United Kingdom

PlugN Drive NZ – New Zealand

Poolden-Puckham Charitable Foundation – United Kingdom

Power Shift Network – United States

Progressive Democrats of America – United States

Prosperity For RI – United States

Rachel Carson Council – United States

Radical Independence Campaign East Kilbride – Scotland

Rainforest Action Network – United States

Rattray Foundation – Scotland

Reclaim Alberta – Canada

Réseau Associatif de Khnifiss – Morocco

Residents Action on Fylde Fracking – England

ReSource – The Netherlands

Rise Up – Papua New Guinea

Royal Forest and Bird Protection Society of New Zealand – New Zealand

Russian Social-Ecological Union (Friends of the Earth Russia) – Russia

Salvia – Energía, Derecho y Medio Ambiente – Spain

Sandbag – United Kingdom

Sano Sansar Initiative – Nepal

Save Lamu – Kenya

SeaLegacy – Denmark

SeaLegacy Society – Canada

Sedona Sunday Productions – United States

Seeds for the Sol – United States

Serve All Trust – United Kingdom

ShareAction – United Kingdom

Sierra Club – United States

Sierra Leone Consortium for Climate Change and Sustainable Development – Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone School Green Club – Sierra Leone

Sisters of St. Joseph of Cluny Province of United States & Canada – United States

Slemdal Private Jordmortjeneste – Norway

SoCal 350 Climate Action – United States

Social Impact Initiative for Sustainable Growth and Development – Cameroon

Society for Conservation & Sustainability of Energy & Environment in Nigeria – Nigeria

Socio-Ecological Union International – Russia

Solar Workers Union #1 – United States

Soular Energy Holistic Health – Canada

South Durban Community Environmental Alliance – South Africa

South East Environmental Association – Canada

Southern Oregon Climate Action Now – United States

Spire Org – Norway – Canada / United States

Steady State Manchester – United Kingdom

Stop Petróleo Vila do Bispo – Portugal

Students for a Just and Stable Future – United States

Sungenix Energy Solutions – United States

Sunrise Movement – United States

The Sunrise Project – Australia

Sunshine Coast Climate Action Now Queensland – Australia

Sustainable Population Australia – Australia

SustainUS – United States

Support for Women in Agriculture and Environment – Uganda

Sustain CreatiK – The Netherlands

Sustainable Energy & Economy Network – United States

Tedhelte – Niger

Tempus Analítica A.C. – Mexico

Third World Network – Malaysia

Tier 1 Communications – Philippines

TierrActiva – Colombia

Tom Stiansen AS – Norway

Tonga Leitis Association – Tonga

Tonita Abeyta Design – United States

TOO Uniprom – Kazakhstan

Transition Smiths Falls – Canada

Tyft – Australia

UK Nanas – United Kingdom

UK Youth Climate Coalition – United Kingdom

Unitarian Universalist Association – United States

Unitarian Universalist Ministry for Earth – United States

Upper Valley Affinity Group – United States

urgewald – Germany

U.S. Climate and Health Alliance – United States

Waco Friends of Peace & Climate – United States

Walkin’Sagres – Portugal

We Women Lanka – Sri Lanka

West Coast Environmental Law Association – Canada

The West Virginia Mountain Party – United States

Wild Seas – Norway

Wilderness Committee – Canada

The Wilderness Society – Australia

Tongu Youth Agenda for Development – Ghana

Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom Norway – Norway

Women Natural Resource Governance Institute – Uganda

WoMin (African Women Unite against Destructive Resource Extraction – South Africa

WWF-Norway – Norway

Yes to Life No to Mining Global Solidarity Network – International

Young Christian in Action for Development – Togo

Young Friends of the Earth Ireland – Ireland

Young Voices on Climate Change – United States

YUVA Association – Turkey

ZERO – Associação Sistema Terrestre Sustentável – Portugal

ZeroGrowthNow – United States

350 Climate Movement of Denmark – Denmark

350 DC – United States

350 Loudoun – United States

350 Montgomery County – United States

350 PDX – United States

350 Seattle – United States

350 Silicon Valley – United States

350 Tacoma – United States Australia – Australia – International



About the Declaration


The Lofoten Declaration was written in August 2017 at a gathering in the Lofoten Islands of Norway of academics, analysts, and activists, all of whom recognize that globally we have a window of opportunity to limit the expansion of the oil and gas industry, in order to achieve the Paris climate goals. We invite other organisations worldwide to join the call.

Why is it called the Lofoten Declaration? The oil industry is lobbying hard for the seas around Lofoten to be opened to oil drilling – which would be devastating to the climate, the local community, and to Lofoten’s natural beauty – but activists have successfully managed to block these plans for years. This strategy must be expanded around the world to oppose the oil and gas industry.