'Clean energy' technologies depend heavily on mineral extraction

International Energy Association

For example, the report states that a typical electric car requires six times the mineral inputs of a conventional car, and an onshore wind plant

requires nine times more mineral resources than a gas-fired power plant. Since 2010, the average amount of minerals needed for a new

unit of power generation capacity has increased by 50% as the share of renewables has risen.

And that doesn’t include materials for backup power due to low capacity factors and intermittency.

And less than 1% of lithium is currently recycled.......

The full report can be downloaded here.